Testosterone is a hormone very mentioned by people for its association with masculinity, although few know the importance of this hormone for the organism and what are the functions that it exerts.
To begin with, what is Testosterone?
In scientific terms, testosterone is an androgynous steroid hormone formed by 19 carbon atoms and found in Leydig cells of the testis and ovaries, in mammalian, reptile and bird species, controlled mainly by the pituitary gland, which regulates the amount needed in The body releasing other hormones for its control, testosterone is commonly called sex hormone and/or natural steroid.
What is the role of testosterone in the body?
This hormone is essential since we are in the womb, the production of this hormone can initially determine the sexual formation of the fetus in the womb, the higher is more likely to form a child, otherwise, a girl would be formed.
The reason why this hormone is called the male hormone is that men and many male characteristics are a direct product of the effects that this hormone produces, such as; The development of depth in the voice, the growth of facial hair, and the development of the penis and testicles in adolescence. It is also the hormone responsible for improving the production, quality, and movement of sperm, when a man has female features, little facial hair, etc., it is said that he has a low production of testosterone, on the other hand, those women who have a deep voice, facial hair, or a lot of muscular strength, is likely to have a high production of testosterone.
Testosterone is also associated with sexual behavior and especially with male sexual behavior, as it is responsible for arousing libido or sexual desire in both sexes, hence men have more sexual appetite than women.
The metabolism is influenced by testosterone in a positive way since it activates it and therefore increases the burning of body fat and promotes the healing of tissues.
What are the testosterone levels in men and women?
The considered normal levels by the medical community are the following; in women an average between 20 and 80 nanograms per deciliter, but in men it is exponentially higher, between 300 and 1000 nanograms per deciliter, to know how much we have each one of us it is necessary to do a blood test, however these are They do when the symptoms of a hormonal disorder are quite obvious and cause discomfort in the menstrual cycle, in the production of sperm, or the physical appearance of each individual.
Why is this hormone important in sports?
Since the metabolism is positively influenced by this hormone, many athletes seek ways to increase levels to have better physical development, either to lose weight burning fat or to define the muscles and increase lean mass and power or muscle strength, hence called steroid hormone.
How to stimulate the production of testosterone naturally?
Bodybuilders and athletes who have an adequate and healthy diet usually increase production naturally, since they usually eat foods with a lot of protein, such as eggs, lean meats, broccoli, mushrooms and nuts, these foods are the best options for that your body stimulates the production of testosterone, however it is convenient to avoid sugars and simple carbohydrates that usually do the opposite effect.
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